Consultation is a specialized psychological assistance for clients, with various personal or social related problems, being performed according to a specific methodology and with the deliberate participation of the client.
The purpose of the consultation is creating of conditions, which should promote and support the independent and conscious behavior of the client when making a choice and taking decisions with regard to a particular problem or a particular situation.
One of the main requirements is providing confidentiality. The obligation of the psychologist to protect the privacy of the relationship with the client, which is a derivative of the more common, but central ethical and legal value of the human rights for personal self-determination and personal inviolability.
Besides at individual level, the consultation could be performed at group or organization level. The transformation of the organizations from closed into open social systems reflecting the environmental influences is one of the main challenges for the modern management.